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Virtues of Seeking Understanding in the Religion

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

فضل التفقه في الدين

الحمد لله رب العالمين، والصلاة والسلام على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وصحابته والتابعين لهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين

أما بعد؛ فإن التفقه في الدين من أفضل الأعمال، وهو علامة الخير.

قال صلى الله عليه وسلم:  “من يُرد الله به خيرا، يفقهه في الدين…” ¹؛ وذالك لأن التفقه في الدين يحصلُ به العلمُ النافعُ الذي يقوم عليه العمل

 قال الله تعالى: هُوَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلَ رَسُولَهُ بِالْهُدَىٰ وَدِينِ الْحَقِّ... [الفتح/ ٢٨]، فالهدى هو: العلم النافع، ودين الحق هو: العمل الصالح.

¹ متفق عليه من حديث معاوية رضي الله عنه: البخاري ٧١ ومسلم ٢٣٨٦

وقد أمر الله سبحانه نبيه صلى الله عليه وسلم أن يسأله الزيادة من العلم: قال تعالى: {…. وَقُل رَّبِّ زِدْنِي عِلْمًا} (طه/ ١١٤)

قال الحافظ ابن حجر: (وقوله عزّ وجلّ: {وَقُل رَّبِّ زِدْنِي عِلْمًا} واضح الدلالة في فضل العلم؛ لأن الله لم يأمر نبيه صلى الله عليه وسلم بطلب الازدياد من شيء، إلا من العلم). ¹اهـ.

وقد سمَّى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم المجالس التي يُتعلَّمُ فيها العلمُ النافعُ بـ رياض الجنة وأخبر أن العلماء هم ورثة الأنبياء.

ولا شك أن الإنسان قبل أن يُقدِم على أداء عملٍ ما، لا بدّ أن يعرف الطريقة التي يُؤدي بها ذالك العمل على وجهه الصحيح، حتى يكون هذا العمل صحيحا، مؤدِّيا لنتيحته التي تُرجى من ورائه، فكيف يقدِم الإنسان على عبادة ربه – التي تتوفق عليها نتيجة من النار ودخوله الجنةَ __ كيف يقدِم على ذالك بدون علم؟!

ومن ثَمَّ افتراق الناس بالنسبة للعلم والعمل ثلاثَ فرقٍ:

الفريق الأوّل: الذين جمعوا بين العلم النافع والعمل الصالح، وهؤلاء قد هداهم الله صراط المُنعَم عليهم من النبيين والصديقين والشهداء والصالحين، وحسن أولئك رفيقا.

الفريق الثاني: الذين تعلَّموا العلم النافع ولا يعملوا به، وهؤلاء هم المغضوب عليهم من اليهود ومن نحا نحوهم.

¹ انظر فتح الباري (١ /١٨٧)

الفريق الثالث: الذين يعملون بلا علم، وهؤلاء هم أهل الضلال من النصارى ومن نحا نحوهم.

ويشمل هذه الفِرق الثلاث قوله تعالى في سورة الفاتحة التي نقرؤها في كل ركعة من صلاتنا: اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ (٦) صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ. (الفاتحة / ٦، ٧).

قال الإمام الشيخ محمد بن عبد الوهاب رحمه الله:

وأما قوله تعالى: {غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ}: فالمغضوب عليهم هم: العلماء الذين لم يعملوا بعلمهم، والضالون: العاملون بلا

علم. (تاريخ نجد لابن غنّام؛ ص ٤٩١)

Bismillār Rahmānir Rahīm

Virtues of Seeking Understanding in the Religion

All praise and adoration belong to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon our Prophet, Muhammad, his family, his companions and those who follow them in goodness till the day of Judgement

To proceed, verily (seeking) understanding in the religion is from the most virtuous deed, and it is a sign of goodness.

Read more: VALENTINE’S DAY: An Unfounded Conception Under Shari’a

The Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – said :

Whosoever Allah wants goodness for, He (Allah) makes him understand the religion. [From the Hadith of Mu’awiya, reported in Bukhari and Muslim].

This is because indeed beneficial knowledge is attained through seeking religious understanding, upon which actions are based. Allah, the sublime, says :

It is He (Allah) who has sent His Messenger with Guidance and the Religion of truth… [Al-Fath; 2].

Guidance here refers to beneficial knowledge and the Religion of truth refers to righteous actions.

Verily, Allah, who is free from imperfections, ordered his Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – to ask Him (Allah) for increase in (religious) knowledge. Allah says ;

and say (O Prophet), ” My Lord, increase me in knowledge”. [Taha; 114].

Al-Hafiz ibn Hajar stated,

…and His statement (…and say (O Prophet), “My Lord, increase me in knowledge”) is a clear evidence on the virtues of knowledge, for Allah did not order His Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – to seek increment in anything save knowledge. [ Fath al-Bari; 1/781].

Verily, the Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – also named the gathering where beneficial knowledge is sought as a fortress in Jannah. He – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – also stated that the scholars are the inheritors of the prophets.

There is no doubt that before a man engages in any action, it is incumbent upon him to study the manner of performing such action in the best of manners, so that this action may be correctly performed and he may achieve the desired result that he expects (reward for) thereafter. How then does a person embark on performing ‘Ibadah (acts of worship) to his Lord – which is the basis of his being saved from the Fire and his admittance into Jannah – without having proper (religious) knowledge?!

Read more: WHAT SHOULD YOU SWEAR WITH?

On this, the people are divided in relation to their knowledge and action (based on knowledge) into three groups;

The First Group: Those who combine between beneficial knowledge and righteous action. These are the ones whom Allah has guided to the (right) path, the path of those Allah has bestowed his blessings upon from the prophets, the Siddiqeen (truthful ones in belief), the martyrs and the Righteous ones; and how excellent these companions are.

The Second Group: Those who gained beneficial knowledge but do not act with it. These are those upon whom is the wrath of Allah, from the Jews and those who follow their path.

The Third Group: Those who engage in actions without learning (religious) knowledge. These are the people of misguidance from the Christians and those who tread their path.

All these three aforementioned groups are contained in the statement of the Most High in Suratul Fātiha, which  we read in every Rak’a of our Salah;

Guide us to the right path (6) The Path of  those on whom you (Allāh) have bestowed your favor, not (the path) of those who evoked (Allah’s) anger nor (the path of) the misguided ones (7). [Al Fatiha; 6 – 7].

Imam Muhammad bn AbdilWahab – may Allah have mercy on him – said ;

“… and Allah’s statement [not (the path) of those who evoked (Allāh’s) anger nor (the path of) the misguided ones]; the ones who have evoked (Allāh’s) anger are the learned ones who do not act with their knowledge while the misguided ones are the doers without knowledge… [Tārikh Najd; 491].

Culled from the book: Al-Mulakhaṣul Fiqhiy by Shaykh Sālih bn Fawzan bn Abdillah al-Fawzaan.

Transcribed and Translated by

  • Abu ‘AbdilLāh Al-Barbahaaree.
  • Abdul-Baki Ibrahim, Abu Faatimah.

 

Sa’eed Zakariyya Al-Barbahaaree

formally known as Saheed Sakariyau. A graduate of Finance from the University of Ilorin. A writer, tutor and Islamic finance enthusiast.

Ibrahim Abdul Baki

Deputy Editor-in-Chief, a graduate of Better by Far University, (Unilorin). Erudite writer and best known for his problem-solving articles.

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