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The Qur’ān on Seas and Rivers

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“He released the two seas, meeting [side by side]; Between them is a
barrier [so] neither of them transgresses.”
Qur’ān 55:19-20

Modern Science has discovered that in the places where two different seas meet, there is a barrier between them. This barrier divides the two seas so that each sea has its own temperature, salinity, and density. For example, Mediterranean Sea water is warm, saline, and less dense, compared to Atlantic Ocean water. When Mediterranean Sea water enters the Atlantic over the Gibraltar sill, it moves several hundred kilometres into the Atlantic at a depth of about 1000 meters with its own warm, saline, and less dense characteristics. The Mediterranean water stabilises at this depth.

Although there are large waves, strong currents and tides in these seas, they do not mix or trans transgress this barrier.

The Qur’ān mentioned that there is a barrier between two seas that meet and that they do not transgress. God has said:
مَرَجَ الْبَحْرَيْنِ يَلْتَقِيَانِ
بَيْنَهُمَا بَرْزَخٌ لَّا يَبْغِيَانِ
“He released the two seas, meeting [side by side]; Between them is a
barrier [so] neither of them transgresses.” Qur’ān 55:19-20

But when the Qur’ān speaks about the divider between fresh and saltwater, it mentions the existence of “a forbidding partition” with the barrier. God has said in the Qur’ān:

وَهُوَ الَّذِي مَرَجَ الْبَحْرَيْنِ هَذَا عَذْبٌ فُرَاتٌ وَهَذَا مِلْحٌ أُجَاجٌوَجَعَلَ بَيْنَهُمَا بَ رزَخًا وَحِجْرًا مَّحْجُورًا
“And it is He who has released [simultaneously] the two seas, one fresh and sweet and one salty and bitter, and He placed between them a barrier and prohibiting partition.” Qur’ān 25:53

The Mediterranean Sea water as it enters the Atlantic over the Gibraltar sill with its own warm, saline, and less dense characteristics, because of the barrier that distinguishes between them. Temperatures are in degrees Celsius (C°). (Marine Geology, Kuenen, p. 43, with a slight enhancement.)

One may ask, why did the Qur’ān mention the partition when speaking about the divider between fresh and saltwater, but did not mention it when speaking about the divider between the two seas?

Modern science has discovered that in estuaries, where fresh (sweet) and saltwater meet, the situation is somewhat different from what is found in places where two seas meet. It has been discovered that what distinguishes fresh water from saltwater in estuaries is a “pycnocline zone with a marked density discontinuity separating the two layers.” This partition (zone of separation) has a different salinity from the fresh water and from the saltwater.

This information has been discovered only recently, using advanced equipment to measure temperature, salinity, density, oxygen dissolubility, etc. The human eye cannot see the difference between the two seas that meet, rather the two seas appear to us as one homogeneous sea. Likewise, the human eye cannot see the division of water in estuaries into the three kinds: fresh water, saltwater and the partition (zone of separation).

FAST GROWING ONLINE MAGAZINE OUTLET. REFORMING AND EDUCATING MUSLIM YOUTHS ABOUT THEIR RELIGION, CULTURE AND SOCIETY.

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