Connect with us

Featured

CONSEQUENCES OF BID’AH (INNOVATION)

Published

on

CONSEQUENCES OF BID’AH (INNOVATION)

INTRODUCTION

All glorifications and adorations are given to Allah, the Lord who commanded us to be obedient and forbade us of innovations (in the Deen). May the Mercy and Blessing of Allah be upon the noble soul of The Prophet, Muhammad (ﷺ), the one who admonished that his sunnah should be strongly held with molar teeth, and that new matters in the religion should be avoided. May the mercy and blessing of Allah extends to his households, companions and his true followers.

Scholars of the past and present had justly written books on Bid’ah (innovation), all we do is to summarize and compile their sayings about Bid’ah for easy understanding and to serve as a reminder. We ask Allah to make it a beneficial one and to make it an evidence on us and not against us on the day of resurrection. Amin

DEFINITION

Bid’ah literally means “New creation”, “origination”, “invention” or “innovation” that has no pattern or model before, or that has never been in existence. Allah said:
بَدِيعُ ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضِ ۖ وَإِذَا قَضَىٰٓ أَمْرًۭا فَإِنَّمَا يَقُولُ لَهُۥ كُن فَيَكُونُ
“The originator of the heavens and the earth…” [Al-Baqorah, 117]. That is, He created the heaven and the earth, which had never been in existence.

Contextually, bid’ah is an introduction of a newly act in the religion. Imam As-Shatibiy (May Allah have mercy on him) gave an explicit definition of bid’ah in his book, al-‘itisaam: “it is an act of establishing a practise, which bear a resemblance with sharia, in religion with the aim of following the path to worship Allah excessively (exaggeration)”.

By this definition, before any act can be regarded as bid’ah, it must be an affair in the religion. Any invented act or practices that has no relation with religion can never be said to be a bid’ah. For example, the invention of telephone, airoplane, computer and the likes are not bid’ah, because they are not affairs in the religion. Also, it must not have any traces in the sharia. The observation of solatu tarawih in congregation that was reinstated by Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) is not a bid’ah. This is because the Prophet himself was reported to observed it in congregation more than once in his lifetime.

TYPES OF BID’AH

  • Bid’ah can be classified into two:
  • Bid’ah of speech or creed e.g. Bid’ah of Jahmiyyah, Mu’tazilah, Rofidah etc.
  • Bid’ah of acts of worship, like worshiping of Allah with what was not legislated.

Sheikh Solih Fawzan (may Allah preserve him) gave four types of bid’ah of worship in his book, Al-bid’ah:
What is in the foundation of the deen, like establishing an act of worship that has no origin in the sharia. For example, establishing a prayer, fast, or a festival that has not basis in the religion e.g. Maulid Nabiyy etc.

What is an addition to a legislated act of worship, for example, adding a fifth Rak’ah (A unit of solah) to solatu dhuhr or solatul asr.
What is a manner in which an act of worship is established, like doing it in a way the sharia does not recognise. For example, chanting adkhar in unison using melody.

What is in specialising a period for an act of worship. For example, specialising a fast or qiyam (tahjjud) during the day and night of Nisfu Shaban. Because the basis of praying (tahajjud) and fasting is known in the sharia but taking a period specifically for that purpose needs an evidence.

THE RULING OF BID’AH

There are several verses of the Qur’an and authentic ahadith that talk about the impermissibility of bid’ah. All bid’ah in the religion is haram.
Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim (May Allah have mercy on them) reported from Our Mother Aisha (May Allah be pleased with her) that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “if anyone introduces in our matter (religion) that which does not belong to it, will have it rejected” in the narration of Muslim “if anybody introduces a practice which is not authenticated by me, will have it rejected”.

They also narrated from Abdullahi bn Mas’ood (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “I am your predecessor at the Lake-Fount (Kaothar) and some men amongst you will be brought to me, and when I will try to hand them some water, they will be pulled away from me by force whereupon I will say, ‘O Lord, my companions!’ then the Almighty will say, ‘You do not know what they did after you left, they introduced new things into the religion after you’”.

THE FOREWARNING OF THE SALAF CONCERNING BID’AH

Our predecessors (may Allah have mercy on them), from the companions of the prophet to the late generation, had greatly warned about bid’ah and their doers to the facts that an average person should shun every act of bid’ah even if he knows not the evidences against them.

Abdullahi bn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) was reported to have said: “every innovation is misguidance even if people see it as something good”. Abdullahi bn Mas’ood (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “whoever wants to honour his religion and do good to it should avoid mixing with the ruler or sitting with the followers of desires”. [Al-bida’h, Ibn Waddah). Abdullahi bn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “Indeed the most detestable things to Allah are innovations”. [Sunnah al-Kubarah, Al-Bayhaqee]

Imam Malik said (may Allah have mercy on him): “whoever introduces a matter in the religion that which is not known to the predecessors, he has indeed claimed the Prophet betrayed the trust of his message”. Imam Sufyan At-thawriyy (may Allah have mercy on him) said: “innovation is more beloved to Iblees than a sin, a sin is repented from while a bid’ah is not repented from”. [Al-Hilyah).

Imam Ayyub As-sakhtiyani said: “the more an innovator increases in his innovation diligently the farther he is away from Allah (His mercy)” [Siffatu Safwah]. Abu Qilabah (may Allah have mercy on him) said: “verily, the people of desires are the people of misguidance, and I do not know their abodes except in the fire” [As-shareeha]. Fudayl bn ‘Iyad (may Allah have mercy on him) said: “whoever venerates an innovator, he has indeed helped in the destruction of Islam” [Sharhu sunnah]. Imam Sufyan At-thawriyy said again: “whoever listen to an innovator (admonition), he has indeed go out from the shield (protection) of Allah and will be entrusted to it (bid’ah)” [Sharhu sunnah].


All glorifications and adorations are given to Allah, the Lord who commanded us to be obedient and forbade us of innovations (in the Deen). May the Mercy and Blessing of Allah be upon the noble soul of The Prophet, Muhammad (ﷺ), the one who admonished that his sunnah should be strongly held with molar teeth, and that new matters in the religion should be avoided. May the mercy and blessing of Allah extends to his households, companions and his true followers.

Scholars of the past and present had justly written books on Bid’ah (innovation), all we do is to summarize and compile their sayings about Bid’ah for easy understanding and to serve as a reminder. We ask Allah to make it a beneficial one and to make it an evidence on us and not against us on the day of resurrection. Amin.

DEFINITION

Bid’ah literally means “New creation”, “origination”, “invention” or “innovation” that has no pattern or model before, or that has never been in existence. Allah said:
بَدِيعُ ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضِ ۖ وَإِذَا قَضَىٰٓ أَمْرًۭا فَإِنَّمَا يَقُولُ لَهُۥ كُن فَيَكُونُ
“The originator of the heavens and the earth…” [Al-Baqorah, 117]. That is, He created the heaven and the earth, which had never been in existence.

Contextually, bid’ah is an introduction of a newly act in the religion. Imam As-Shatibiy (May Allah have mercy on him) gave an explicit definition of bid’ah in his book, al-‘itisaam: “it is an act of establishing a practise, which bear a resemblance with sharia, in religion with the aim of following the path to worship Allah excessively (exaggeration)”.
By this definition, before any act can be regarded as bid’ah, it must be an affair in the religion. Any invented act or practices that has no relation with religion can never be said to be a bid’ah. For example, the invention of telephone, airoplane, computer and the likes are not bid’ah, because they are not affairs in the religion. Also, it must not have any traces in the sharia. The observation of solatu tarawih in congregation that was reinstated by Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) is not a bid’ah. This is because the Prophet himself was reported to observed it in congregation more than once in his lifetime.

TYPES OF BID’AH
Bid’ah can be classified into two:
Bid’ah of speech or creed e.g. Bid’ah of Jahmiyyah, Mu’tazilah, Rofidah etc.
Bid’ah of acts of worship, like worshiping of Allah with what was not legislated. Sheikh Solih Fawzan (may Allah preserve him) gave four types of bid’ah of worship in his book, Al-bid’ah:
What is in the foundation of the deen, like establishing an act of worship that has no origin in the sharia. For example, establishing a prayer, fast, or a festival that has not basis in the religion e.g. Maulid Nabiyy etc.
What is an addition to a legislated act of worship, for example, adding a fifth Rak’ah (A unit of solah) to solatu dhuhr or solatul asr.
What is a manner in which an act of worship is established, like doing it in a way the sharia does not recognise. For example, chanting adkhar in unison using melody.
What is in specialising a period for an act of worship. For example, specialising a fast or qiyam (tahjjud) during the day and night of Nisfu Shaban. Because the basis of praying (tahajjud) and fasting is known in the sharia but taking a period specifically for that purpose needs an evidence.
THE RULING OF BID’AH
There are several verses of the Qur’an and authentic ahadith that talk about the impermissibility of bid’ah. All bid’ah in the religion is haram.
Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim (May Allah have mercy on them) reported from Our Mother Aisha (May Allah be pleased with her) that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “if anyone introduces in our matter (religion) that which does not belong to it, will have it rejected” in the narration of Muslim “if anybody introduces a practice which is not authenticated by me, will have it rejected”.
They also narrated from Abdullahi bn Mas’ood (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “I am your predecessor at the Lake-Fount (Kaothar) and some men amongst you will be brought to me, and when I will try to hand them some water, they will be pulled away from me by force whereupon I will say, ‘O Lord, my companions!’ then the Almighty will say, ‘You do not know what they did after you left, they introduced new things into the religion after you’”.
THE FOREWARNING OF THE SALAF CONCERNING BID’AH
Our predecessors (may Allah have mercy on them), from the companions of the prophet to the late generation, had greatly warned about bid’ah and their doers to the facts that an average person should shun every act of bid’ah even if he knows not the evidences against them.
Abdullahi bn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) was reported to have said: “every innovation is misguidance even if people see it as something good”. Abdullahi bn Mas’ood (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “whoever wants to honour his religion and do good to it should avoid mixing with the ruler or sitting with the followers of desires”. [Al-bida’h, Ibn Waddah). Abdullahi bn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “Indeed the most detestable things to Allah are innovations”. [Sunnah al-Kubarah, Al-Bayhaqee]
Imam Malik said (may Allah have mercy on him): “whoever introduces a matter in the religion that which is not known to the predecessors, he has indeed claimed the Prophet betrayed the trust of his message”. Imam Sufyan At-thawriyy (may Allah have mercy on him) said: “innovation is more beloved to Iblees than a sin, a sin is repented from while a bid’ah is not repented from”. [Al-Hilyah).
Imam Ayyub As-sakhtiyani said: “the more an innovator increases in his innovation diligently the farther he is away from Allah (His mercy)” [Siffatu Safwah]. Abu Qilabah (may Allah have mercy on him) said: “verily, the people of desires are the people of misguidance, and I do not know their abodes except in the fire” [As-shareeha]. Fudayl bn ‘Iyad (may Allah have mercy on him) said: “whoever venerates an innovator, he has indeed helped in the destruction of Islam” [Sharhu sunnah]. Imam Sufyan At-thawriyy said again: “whoever listen to an innovator (admonition), he has indeed go out from the shield (protection) of Allah and will be entrusted to it (bid’ah)” [Sharhu sunnah].

FAST GROWING ONLINE MAGAZINE OUTLET. REFORMING AND EDUCATING MUSLIM YOUTHS ABOUT THEIR RELIGION, CULTURE AND SOCIETY.

Click to comment

JazākAllāhu Khayran, drop a comment

Subscribe to our Newsletter




Advertisement

Facebook

Follow me on Twitter

Advertisement

Trending

error: Content is protected !!
%d bloggers like this: