الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على سيد المرسلين وإمام المتقين صاحب الشفاعة العظمى نبينا محمد وعلى آله الأبرار وأصحابه الأخيار الذين آمنوا وكانوا يتقون اختارهم الله لصحبة رسوله وهم أمنة هذه الأمة، ومن تبعهم بالإيمان وحسن الديانة إلى يوم الدين، أما بعد؛
Verily, Allāh (Subhānahu wa ta’āla) has bestowed upon this nation of Muhammad – Peace and blessings be upon him – lots of goodness by making it a complete, comprehensive and perfect one before the demise of the one it was sent with. Its completeness is therefore not restricted to the being of the Prophet – SallaAllāhu Alayhi wa Sallam – on the surface of the earth. The Prophet – SallaAllāhu Alayhi wa Sallam – delivered the message he was sent with and he fulfilled his entrustment in its true form. His death implied the stoppage of heavenly revelation hence the first calamity that befell the Ummah (Muslim Nation).
Just as Allāh, Subhānahu wa ta’āla, says regarding Prophet ‘Eesa;
.وَكُنتُ عَلَيْهِمْ شَهِيدًا مَّا دُمْتُ فِيهِمْ
And I was a witness over them while I dwelt amongst them… [Al-Mā’idah; 117]
Meaning; the death of Prophet’ Eesa was the first calamity that befell the Christians as they innovated lies and attributed same to the noble Prophet, who is free from all they attribute to him of Lordship. The death of a Prophet is surely a huge trial from the Owner of Majesty and the Sublime.
The Ummah of Muhammad – Peace be upon him – however has an exceptional characteristic distinguishing it from the previous Umam (Nations). This distinguishing feature is the one that Allāh mentions in description of the first generation of Muslims in the verse;
مُّحَمَّدٌ رَّسُولُ اللَّهِ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ أَشِدَّاءُ عَلَى الْكُفَّارِ رُحَمَاءُ بَيْنَهُمْ تَرَاهُمْ رُكَّعًا سُجَّدًا يَبْتَغُونَ فَضْلًا مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَانًا سِيمَاهُمْ فِي وُجُوهِهِم مِّنْ أَثَرِ السُّجُودِ ذَٰلِكَ مَثَلُهُمْ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ وَمَثَلُهُمْ فِي الْإِنجِيلِ كَزَرْعٍ أَخْرَجَ شَطْأَهُ فَآزَرَهُ فَاسْتَغْلَظَ فَاسْتَوَىٰ عَلَىٰ سُوقِهِ يُعْجِبُ الزُّرَّاعَ لِيَغِيظَ بِهِمُ الْكُفَّارَ…
Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him are severe against disbelievers, and merciful among themselves. You see them bowing and falling down prostrate (in prayer), seeking Bounty from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure. The mark of them (i.e. of their Faith) is on their faces (foreheads) from the traces of (their) prostration (during prayers). This is their description in the Taurat (Torah). But their description in the Injeel (Gospel) is like a (sown) seed which sends forth its shoot, then makes it strong, it then becomes thick, and it stands straight on its stem, delighting the sowers that He may enrage the disbelievers with them… [Al-Fath; 29]
This feature, may Allāh show you mercy, is the remaining of the Companions after his – SallaAllāhu Alayhi wa Sallam – demise. The companions are those that Allāh had used to hold together the strength and power of the Ummah, a phenomenon which is unprecedented. The remaining of the companions definitely proved effective in waving off heresies, debelief and innovative acts after the breakage of the divine link between Allāh and his servants on the earth.
The companions were those with whom Allāh supported and assisted the cause of the noble prophet Muhammad – SallaAllāhu Alayhi wa Sallam – before and after his demise.
It was narrated that ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ood (رضي الله عنه) said: Verily Allah looked into the hearts of His slaves and He found that the heart of Muhammad (ﷺ) was the best of the hearts of His slaves. So He chose him for Himself and sent him with His Message. Then he looked into the hearts of His slaves after Muhammad, and found the hearts of his Companions were the best of the hearts of His slaves. So he made them the helpers and advisors of His Prophet, to fight to support His religion. So whatever the Muslims think is good is good before Allah, and whatever the Muslims think is bad, is bad before Allah. (Hasan) [Musnad Ahmad 3600]
Allāh says regarding a faction of them (Al-Muhājirūn) in the Qur’ān;
لِلْفُقَرَاءِ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ الَّذِينَ أُخْرِجُوا مِن دِيَارِهِمْ وَأَمْوَالِهِمْ يَبْتَغُونَ فَضْلًا مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَانًا وَيَنصُرُونَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الصَّادِقُونَ
(And there is also a share in this booty) for the poor emigrants, who were expelled from their homes and their property, seeking Bounties from Allah and to please Him. And helping Allah (i.e. helping His religion) and His Messenger (Muhammad). Such are indeed the truthful (to what they say); [Al-Hashr; 8]
From the above verse, Allāh affirmed the truthfulness of those that made Hijrah (migration) to Madīnah, after having been maligned and harmed by the polytheists of their city, that they were helpers of (religion of) Allāh and His Messenger. They expended their wealth and life in the course of making the word (religion) of Allāh superior over every other thing. These indeed were fighters and strivers in the true cause. Hence their title Muhājirūn.
The second faction (Al-Anṣār) are those whom Allāh talks about in the succeeding verse to the aforementioned, Allāh says;
وَالَّذِينَ تَبَوَّءُوا الدَّارَ وَالْإِيمَانَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ يُحِبُّونَ مَنْ هَاجَرَ إِلَيْهِمْ وَلَا يَجِدُونَ فِي صُدُورِهِمْ حَاجَةً مِّمَّا أُوتُوا وَيُؤْثِرُونَ عَلَىٰ أَنفُسِهِمْ وَلَوْ كَانَ بِهِمْ خَصَاصَةٌ وَمَن يُوقَ شُحَّ نَفْسِهِ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ
And those who, before them, had homes (in Al-Madinah) and had adopted the Faith, love those who emigrate to them, and have no jealousy in their breasts for that which they have been given (from the booty of Bani An-Nadir), and give them (emigrants) preference over themselves, even though they were in need of that. And whosoever is saved from his own covetousness, such are they who will be the successful. [Al-Hashr; 9]
These are those that were inhabitants of Madīnah, who welcomed the Muhājirūn with all manner of faithfulness and love, they submitted their wealth for the enjoyment and pleasure of the Muhājirūn. An illustration of the love shown by the Anṣār is evident in the following hadīth;
عن عَبْد الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ عَوْفٍ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قال لَمَّا قَدِمْنَا الْمَدِينَةَ آخَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ سَعْدِ بْنِ الرَّبِيعِ فَقَالَ سَعْدُ بْنُ الرَّبِيعِ إِنِّي أَكْثَرُ الأَنْصَارِ مَالاً، فَأَقْسِمُ لَكَ نِصْفَ مَالِي، وَانْظُرْ أَىَّ زَوْجَتَىَّ هَوِيتَ نَزَلْتُ لَكَ عَنْهَا، فَإِذَا حَلَّتْ تَزَوَّجْتَهَا. قَالَ فَقَالَ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ لاَ حَاجَةَ لِي فِي ذَلِكَ، هَلْ مِنْ سُوقٍ فِيهِ تِجَارَةٌ قَالَ سُوقُ قَيْنُقَاعَ. قَالَ فَغَدَا إِلَيْهِ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ…
`Abdur Rahman bin `Auf said, “When we came to Medina as emigrants, Allah’s Messenger established a bond of brotherhood between me and Sa`d bin Ar-Rabi`.* Sa`d bin Ar-Rabi` said (to me), ‘I am the richest among the Ansar, *so I will give you half of my wealth and you may look at my two wives and whichever of the two you may choose I will divorce her, and when she has completed the prescribed period (before marriage) you may marry her.’ *`Abdur-Rahman replied, “I am not in need of all that. Is there any marketplace where trade is practiced?’ He replied, “The market of Qainuqa.” `Abdur- Rahman went to that market the following day. [Sahih al-Bukhari 2048]
This is an exemplary feature of the kinds of being the companions are; a companion extended great hand of favour to his brother while this brother of his refused displaying his contentment and interest in working for himself, May Allāh be pleased with them all.
Allāh says regarding them and their reward for their various exertions in the cause Islām;
وَالسَّابِقُونَ الْأَوَّلُونَ مِنَ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ وَالْأَنصَارِ وَالَّذِينَ اتَّبَعُوهُم بِإِحْسَانٍ رَّضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُوا عَنْهُ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي تَحْتَهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا ذَٰلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ
And the first to embrace Islam of the Muhajirun (those who migrated from Makkah to Al-Madinah) and the Ansar (the citizens of Al-Madinah who helped and gave aid to the Muhajirun) and also those who followed them exactly (in Faith). Allah is well-pleased with them as they are well-pleased with Him. He has prepared for them Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever. That is the supreme success. [At-Tawbah; 100]
They thereby earned the pleasure of Allāh; what’s more pleasant than gaining the pleasure of the Lord of the Worlds?
The virtues of the companions however is not limited to the promise of the Hereafter but they’re praised greatly by the Prophet – SallaAllāhu Alayhi wa Sallam – he said;
...النُّجُومُ أَمَنَةٌ لِلسَّمَاءِ فَإِذَا ذَهَبَتِ النُّجُومُ أَتَى السَّمَاءَ مَا تُوعَدُ وَأَنَا أَمَنَةٌ لأَصْحَابِي فَإِذَا ذَهَبْتُ أَتَى أَصْحَابِي مَا يُوعَدُونَ وَأَصْحَابِي أَمَنَةٌ لأُمَّتِي فَإِذَا ذَهَبَ أَصْحَابِي أَتَى أُمَّتِي مَا يُوعَدُونَ (عن أبي بردة, عن أبيه)
…The stars are a source of security for the sky and when the stars disappear there comes to the sky, i. E. (it meets the same fate) as it has been promised (it would plunge into darkness). And I am a source of safety and security to my Companions and when I would go away there would fall to the lot (of my Companions) as they have been promised with and my Companions are a source of security for the Ummah and as they would go there would fall to the lot of my Umma as (its people) have been promised. (On the authority of Abu Burdah, from his father) [Sahih Muslim 2531]
The existence of the companions was indeed a source of safety for the Ummah and their death opened the door to lots of calamities and discrepancies that befell the Ummah from tail-end of period of the Rightly Guided Caliphs; the fitnah of the Khawaarij; and the acclaimed Shī’ah of ‘Aliyy (May Allāh be pleased with him).
Loving these companions is incumbent on every Muslim and as it has preceeded in the verse in Al-Fath, the companions are enraged only by the disbelievers. Allāh’ s messenger – SallaAllāhu Alayhi wa Sallam – also said
آيَةُ الإِيمَانِ حُبُّ الأَنْصَارِ، وَآيَةُ النِّفَاقِ بُغْضُ الأَنْصَارِ
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Love for the Ansar is a sign of faith and hatred for the Ansar is a sign of hypocrisy. (Narrated by Anas) [Sahih al-Bukhari 17; Muslim 74a]
The messenger of Allāh – Peace be upon him – also said
لاَ تَسُبُّوا أَصْحَابِي، فَلَوْ أَنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ أَنْفَقَ مِثْلَ أُحُدٍ ذَهَبًا مَا بَلَغَ مُدَّ أَحَدِهِمْ وَلاَ نَصِيفَهُ “(عن أبي سعيد الخدري)
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Do not abuse my companions for if any one of you spent gold equal to Uhud (in Allah’s Cause) it would not be equal to a Mudd or even a half Mudd spent by one of them.” (Narrated by Abu Sa’īd al-Khudri) [Sahih al-Bukhari 3673; Muslim 2541a].
Al-Imām Ibn Taymiyyah also said in the popular lines of the poetry (Laamiyyah) attributed to him;
حب الصحابة كلهم لي مذهب # ومودة القربى بها أتوسل
Meaning; Loving the companions, all of them is to me a doctrine # And love of the nearest ones (Ahlul Bayt) do I seek as a means of nearness (to Allāh).
There are some strayed sects who make claim to Islam but malign the companions due to an error or the other which has occurred from one or a faction of them. Allāh says regarding this; And those who came after them (the companions) say: “Our Lord! Forgive us and our brethren who have preceded us in Faith, and put not in our hearts any hatred against those who have believed. Our Lord! You are indeed full of kindness, Most Merciful. [Al-Hashr; 10].
WON’T YOU RATHER BE AMONG THOSE WHO ALLĀH MENTIONED ABOVE?!?
وصل اللهم على سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحابته ومن والاه
سبحانك اللهم وبحمدك اشهد ان لا إله إلا أنت أستغفرك وأتوب إليك
Abū AbdilLāh Sa’eed Zakariyya Al-Barbahaaree